The Department is located in the west of the country. It has an area of 1225.77 square kilometers and a population estimated at 438,960 inhabitants (2007), with a population density of about 423 inhabitants / km ²
The crafts are so beautiful and are developed in the centers of Nahuizalco, Izalco, Armenia and Cuisnahuat and remains another important segment of the economics department. Likewise, there are several resorts, such as beaches of METALIO The Coban, in its long coastline. Sonsonate has a complex communications network, both by land, sea and air.